Beef Producers Can Control Genetics, Which is Key to Market Premiums
by Duane Daily, senior writer, MU Cooperative Media Group
COLUMBIA, Mo. (July 25, 2011) — Genetics make a difference in a beef herd. And stacked genetics make an even bigger difference, says Mike Kasten, owner of 4M Ranch, Millersville, Mo.
“The only aspect of a cattle operation that we as producers have total control over is genetics,” Kasten says in notes he will share with beef producers at a national conference in Joplin, Mo.
“You can’t control the weather, prices or politics. But you can control the genetic makeup of your herd.”
Kasten has used artificial insemination (AI) in his Bollinger County cow herd for 37 years. That has given him generations of cows with improved genetics.
He will speak at the Applied Reproductive Strategies in Beef Cattle (ARSBC) Symposium Aug. 31-Sept. 1.
A large attendance of producers is expected from Missouri, Arkansas, Oklahoma and Kansas, says David Patterson, University of Missouri Extension beef reproduction specialist, Columbia. The program attracts a national audience.
“Just as important as using AI, Kasten keeps computerized herd records,” Patterson says. “That gives him control of management.”
From his computer, Kasten prints out the value of genetic improvement. Calves from two or more generations of superior genetics are worth an extra $177.48 per calf. That’s above using a proven sire on the first-generation cows.
Kasten sells Show-Me-Select Replacement Heifers. Also, he retains and feeds out steers, half-sibs of the genetically superior heifers.
His records show a steady increase in USDA Prime grade cattle going to market from a Kansas feedyard. The Prime and Choice grades draw price premiums from packer grids when he sells cattle.
Kasten’s records aren’t sophisticated. “A person could pick apart these data,” Kasten says. “But the proven genetics has brought back more money. Adjustments in numbers won’t change that fact.”
At the Joplin conference, Kasten will go into detail on his proven management plans. He also provides beef herd management and AI breeding for neighboring herds.
Kasten provided the herd for the first field demonstration for fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI) developed by Patterson when he came to the MU from Kentucky 15 years ago.
Kasten says he had tried everything to improve his calf crop. “I used pregnant mare serum. I tried removing calves at breeding time. Nothing worked remotely as well as the fixed-time AI protocols we use today.
“We no longer observe heat at all,” Kasten says. “We just breed when the calendar and clock say that it’s time.
“In our cow herd, we’re getting 60% to 70% fixed-time-AI pregnancy rates on the first day of breeding season.”
Timed AI shortens the calving season, producing a more uniform calf crop. “The time and labor savings, coupled with better results, make the fixed-time breeding system very appealing,” Kasten says.
Patterson adds, “It’s often possible to get better results with timed AI than with bulls.”
Kasten likes the convenience of FTAI. But the greater value comes from superior proven sires. That boosts the value of the calves — and the cows retained in the herd.
The ARSBC is hosted in different locations each year. Originally the meetings featured beef physiologists from land-grant universities. Now the meetings appeal to a broad audience in the beef industry, from veterinarians to suppliers.
This year, increased attention is on a program for herd owners. “They will hear the latest research results — and the farmer reports,” Patterson says.
In addition to talks at the Joplin Expo Center, the group will go to Joplin Regional Stockyards for a grilled steak dinner and working demonstrations.
Details about the 2011 ARSBC in Joplin are available online at www.appliedreprostrategies.com. Compiled by Angus Productions Inc. (API; publisher of the Angus Journal and the Angus Beef Bulletin), the site is made possible through sponsorship by the Beef Reproductive Task Force, SEK Genetics, and liveauctions.tv. Coverage will include summaries of the speaker presentation, PowerPoints, proceedings and audio.
Editor's Note: This article was adapted from a news release provided by the MU Cooperative Media Group.